Didik.com

History and Directory of Electric Cars from 1834 - 1987
By Frank Didik
Copyright 1987-2001

This incredible solar powered steam engine was built in the early 1890's in Pasadena California by a farmer to pump water for his ostrich farm! He must have been quit a character back then! The "Sun Motor" was constructed with 1,800 mirrors 2 feet long by 3 inches wide and was supported on a light iron framework. In the focus of the mirrors was a boiler, 13 feet 6 inches long, painted black. The boiler held about 100 gallons of water, which was fed automatically. It was capable of pumping 1,400 gallons of water per minute. It seems that nothing is new when it comes to alternate energy.

[IMAGE]

 

 ELECTRIC VEHICLE COMPANIES SINCE 1834
 Copyright 1987-2001 by Frank Didik
All Rights Reserved

The following list of of electric vehicle manufacturers was compiled over the past 15 years from a variety of sources including the archives of the Electric Car Owners Club, early magazine advertisements, personal knowledge and other sources. This directory is by no means complete and additional vehicles manufacturers continue to be added as they are found.
This list represents some of the information that will be included in my upcoming electric car book and CD-ROM. The book and CD-ROM will include details about each vehicle including photographs or drawings of most of the vehicles.

1834 (yes 1834) Thomas Davenport
1838 Robert Davidson
1851 Charles B. Page
1852-1966 Studebaker
1874 Sir David Salomons
1881-1906 Jeantaud
1888 Fred Kimball
1890-1896 Morrison
1893 William Morrison
1894-1897 Immisch
1895 Volk
1895-1897 Morris & Salom
1895-1899 Bersey
1895-1899 Canadian Motor Syndicate
1896 to present Oldsmobile
1896-1902 Riker
1896-1906 Lohner
1897 Neale
1897 - 1898 Elieson
1897-1898 Barrows
1897-1900 E.M.P.
1897-1900 Headland
1897-1902 Lux
1897-1909 Krieger

This 1903 Krieger proves that there is nothing new under the sun. This car is a front wheel drive electric-gasoline hybrid car and has power steering. A gasoline engine supplements the battery pack. Between 1890 and 1910, there were many hybrid electric cars and four wheel drive electric cars. Electric cars were more expensive than gasoline cars and electrics were considered more reliable and safer. With the development of the starter motor for gasoline cars and increased range of gasoline cars, most people public interest switched from electrics to gasoline by 1915.
 
 1898 Eaton
 1898 - 1903 Eisenach
 1898-1900 Madelvic
 1898-1900 Patin
 1898-1902 G.E.C.
 1898-1902 Kuhlstein
 1898-1903 Jenatzy
 1898-1907 Opperman
 1899 - 1900 Elecctra
 1899 - 1900 Elgin
 1899 - 1901 ? Dore
 1899-1900 Helvetia
 1899-1900 Hub
 1899-1900 Kliemt
 1899-1900 Schuckert
 1899-1901 Averly
 1899-1901 Kruse
 1899-1901 New England
 1899-1901 Scott
 1899-1901 U.S. Electric
 1899-1902 American Electric
 1899-1902 Joel
 1899-1902 Munson
 1899-1902 Eastman
 1899-1903 Maxwerke
 1899-1905 Hautier
 1899-1906 B.G.S.
 1899-1906 Creanche
 1899-1906 Henschel
 1899-1910 Scheele
 1899-1919 Woods
 1900 Pfluger
 1900 - 1909 Electromotion
 1900-1901 Hart
 1900-1901 Remington
 1900-1901 Strong & Rodgers
 1900-1902 California
 1900-1902 Solignac
 1900-1906 Cardinet
 1900-1924 National
 1901 Gramme
 1901-1902 Bachelle
 1901-1902 Thompson
 1901-1903 AJAX
 1901-1903 Crowdus
 1901-1903 Demissine
 1901-1904 General Electric
 1901-1905 City & Suburban
 1901-1906 Buffalo Automobile Company
 1901-1912 Phipps-Grinnell
 1901-1920 Electromobile
 1902 Lefert
 1902-1903 Accumulator Industries
 1902-1905 Champrobert
 1902-1906 Chenhall
 1902-1920 Tribelhorn
 1902-1934 N.A.G.
 1903-1904 Pritchett & Gold
 1903-1904 Starr
 1903-1905 Ivanhoe
 1903-1905 V.E.
 1903-1906 Ausonia
 1903-1907 Pope-Waverly
 1903-1908 Hagen
 1903-1908 Regina
 1903-1916 Borland
 1904 Berwick Auto Car Company
 1904 Dinin
 1904 Galileo
 1904-1906 C.I.E.M.
 1904-1908 Synnestvedt
 1904-1910 Vedrine
 1904-1917 Fritchie





 LIQUID AIR CAR COMPANY 1903 This interesting car, while not electric, is unusual since it shows that early vehicle manufacturers were trying every possible technology. This one is powered by liquefied air (rather cold!). Below is a diagram of how the vehicle worked.



 

 1905 Banker Juvenile Electric
 1905 Dora
 1905 Provincial
 1905-1906 Alexandra
 1905-1906 Parsons
 1905-1906 Zeddeco
 1905-1910 Silvertown
 1905-1928 Rauch & Lang

(list continued on next column)

PRESS, PUBLISHING AND COPYRIGHT INFORMATION Copyright 1998 by Frank Didik. All Rights Reserved. Information, text and photograph contained on this page may be freely reprinted in full or part only with the written permission of the author.

 About the author: Frank Didik specializes in transportation design and technology for the next generation of conventional vehicles. If you represent a manufacturing enterprise or a transportation authority, you are invited to contact us to discuss your particular need and we will do our best to provide you with a fresh new innovative look at your existing and proposed project. All communications are deemed confidential to the degree that the internet provides. RFP's requested and given top treatment.

1906 Dynamobile
1906 Hercules
1906-1908 Cloumobil
1906-1908 Lansden
1906-1910 Siemens-Schuckert
1906-1912 Auto-Mixte
1906-1912 Babcock Electric Carriage Co
1906-1913 Stella
 907 American Juvenile Electric
1907-1909 G.E.M.
1907-1913 B.E.F.
1907-1915 Bailey
1907-1938 Detroit Electric
1908 V.A.T.E.
1908-1909 Byrider
1908-1914 Waverly
1909-1914 Ideal
1909-1916 Broc
1909-1918 Thrige
1910-1912 Kimball
1910-1913 Grinnell
1910-1918 Ohio
1910-1923 Geha
1911-1919 Hupp-Yeats
1911-1935 Galt
1912-1913 Church-Field
1912-1913 Fischer
1912-1914 Argo
1912-1915 Flanders
1913-1914 Tiffany
1913-1956 David
1914 GMUR
1914-1918 Columbia
1914-1922 Owen Magnetic
1914-1922 Milburn
1915 Menominee
1915 Storms
1915-1916 Chicago Electric
1915-1917 Beardsley Electric Co
1916 Belmont Electric Auto Company
1920 A.A.A.
1920 - 1924 Electricar
1920 - 1928 Elite-Diamant
 1920-1924 S.B.
 1921 Automatic
 1921 Via
 1921-1922 Kaha
 1921-1925 Stigler
 1922 Chelsea
 1922 Omnobil
 1922-1924 Alfi
 1922-1924 Elektric
 1922-1925 Voltor
 1924 - 1929 ? D.E.W.
 1924-1928 Red Bug
 1926-1927 A.E.M.
 1928 Parville
 1935-1936 Wilson
 1936-1939 Bleichert
 1937 Auto-Lux
 1940-1941 Chapeaux
 1941 Revelli


 DIDIK SHOTING STAR Gasoline-Electric hyrid vehicle. 1997

 1941 S.A.T.A.M.
 1941 - 1943 Electrolette
 1941 - 1947 Faure
 1941-1942 LeDauphin
 1941-1944 Stela
 1941-1944 Story
 1941-1946 C.G.E.
 1942 Internationale
 1943 A.F.A.
 1943 - 1946 Electro-Renard
 1944-1946 C.M.V.
 1945 - 1946 Electrociclo
 1947-1951 Tama
 1948-1949 Paris-Rhone
 1950-1960 Fuldamobil
 1952 Prince
 1952-1957 B.M.A. Hazelcar
 1955 Electronic La Saetta
 1957 Arbel
 1959-1960 Nu-Klea Starlite



 
 DIDIK SUN SHARK A Solar, electric human powered safety
motorcycle capable of speeds up to 40 miles per hour. The two side wheels retract into the body once the vehicle is moving. The vehicle cockpit offers substantial protection to the driver in the event of an accident or a spill out. 1998

 1961 - 1976? Electra King
 1962-1966 Peel
 1964 - 1966 ? Electric Shopper
 1965 Marketour
 1965 Mobilette
 1965 - 1969 ? Electro Master
 1969 Enfield
 1969 - 1976 (?) EFP - Electric Fuel Propulsion
 1970 Autoette
 1972 - 1976 Electrosport
 1974-1976 Vangaurd CitCar
 1977 Braun Elec
 1977 - 1979 EVA - Electric Vehicle Associates
 1978 EAC
 1978 Sears, Roebuck and Company
 1978 - 1979 Transformer 1
 1978-1987 Comuta-Car and Comuta-Van
 1980 Electro-Sport
 1985-Present Didik



 
DIDIK MUSCLE CAR Hybrid vehicle powered by solar, electric and human power. 1996

 

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A 1908 view of how the future would look like.

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